Surrounded by a volatile and dynamic region spread along its vast borders, India has emerged as a leading regional and global power in terms of economic and military power. India is armed with a formidable multi-faceted and networked frontline military force to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and vast expertise in designing and developing cutting-edge defense systems to protect national interests. This accomplishment places it in the elite club of global powerhouses capable of building their own military platforms and systems. The fastest cruise missile operational in today’s changing security paradigm, her BRAHMOS is the perfect symbol of India’s growing military strength, growing in power over the years and ready for a variety of warfare scenarios. We’ve also added new abilities. Its introduction has greatly enhanced the role of the Indian Armed Forces as a key military force on the world stage.
The realization of the BRAHMOS supersonic cruise missile is a shining example of strengthening the core strengths of the R&D organization and the industrial capabilities of India. BrahMos Aerospace was established as a joint venture (JV) between India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Joint Stock Company “Military Industrial Consortium” “NPO Mashinostroyenia” (NPOM). The JV was established in India by means of an Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) signed on 12th February 1998 between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation.
BRAHMOS is the world’s first and only supersonic cruise missile. It is a precision strike weapon for the Army, Navy and Air Force and can be used by ships, mobile rockets, submarines and aircraft against land and sea targets. Compared to existing state-of-the-art subsonic cruise missiles, BRAHMOS has 3x the speed, 2.5-3x the flight range, 3-4x the target acquisition range, and more than 9x the kinetic energy.
The BRAHMOS is a two-stage missile with a 200-300 kg conventional warhead, a solid propellant booster in the first stage and a liquid ramjet in the second stage. This unique configuration allows the system to fly at speeds of Mach 3 and above during the cruise phase. The missile has a flight range of up to 290 km at supersonic speeds in flight, a reduced flight time, resulting in less target dispersion, reduced target engagement and reaction time, and a reduction in known countermeasure systems will no longer be affected by It operates on the “fire and forget principle” and employs a variety of trajectories. A guidance system with stealth technology and advanced embedded software gives the system its own special capabilities. The missile can perform multiple roles/missions with pinpoint accuracy in all weather conditions, day or night.
The weapon has been the mainstay of the Indian Army’s artillery firepower since its initial introduction in 2007, with several regiments deployed. Similarly, since 2005, BRAHMOS has been deployed on many of the Indian Navy’s surface ships and is used as the primary offensive weapon in both ground-attack and anti-ship configurations. The system has been proven to combat multiple/single targets with its “salvo” firing capability, allowing these cruise missiles to be aimed at a single target or multiple targets. BRAHMOS also demonstrated his skills from an underwater platform. The missiles can be launched from submarines to any land-based or ship-based target from operational depths on underwater platforms. The Indian Air Force (IAF) Sukhoi 30MKI frontline fighter has been converted to the Intergart airborne version of this unique missile system. The air-launched Brahmos weighs 2.5 tons and is designed to be integrated into aircraft using advanced air-launch systems. This system has repeatedly and successfully demonstrated the launch capability of BRAHMOS missiles. His IAF ‘Tigersharks’ squadron, consisting of his Sukhoi-30MKI fighters of the fourth generation, armed with BRAHMOS missiles, are stationed in southern India. With the successful introduction of BRAHMOS into all three of her services, India has become the first and only country in the world to complete a “Triad of Supersonic Cruise Missiles”.
Deployment of the BRAHMOS cruise missile system in service gives the Indian military the much-needed capability and striking power to conduct deep surgical strikes both on land and at sea, addressing dynamic and diverse threats across borders. It is now possible with the whole country.
Since its historic maiden launch on June 12, 2001, BRAHMOS has established its supersonic power around the world. The JV has successfully created a defense industry ecosystem made up of various SMEs and large corporations across the country that manufacture various critical systems and subsystems for BrahMos. Its own BrahMos Industry consortium brought together a number of talented defense companies and research institutes from both countries to develop and manufacture various subsystems and system missiles, bringing a unique strength to the Indian Armed Forces.
Under the theme of ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan’, the BrahMos program, which leads the country to localize products as cutting-edge high-tech, has successfully localized all major subsystems of metal and composite parts. Almost the entire range of GSE and delivery systems of the weapons complex is also produced domestically. BRAHMOS has conducted numerous successful launches that have strengthened India’s defense and government localization efforts. From India’s ambitious Make in India initiative.
BrahMos Aerospace has a full-fledged design center, its own dedicated supply chain for various subsystems, world-class integration and checkout facilities, a product support center with strict quality control, and over 200 Indian Small business customers are involved. Companies and agencies of the civil defense sector.
BRAHMOS has emerged as a potential weapon of choice, with several nations on all continents showing a strong desire for a versatile weapon. It penetrated the international market with the most powerful precision strike weapon systems and power multipliers in the modern Network Centric Warfare (NCW) environment. In January 2022, BrahMos Aerospace signed a landmark multi-million dollar export contract with the Philippines to deliver her BRAHMOS land-based anti-ship missile system to the Philippine Armed Forces. As the flag-bearer of Make In India, BrahMos Aerospace becomes Make for the World.
The successful journey of India’s most advanced and cutting-edge military technology, the BRAHMOS missile, has carved out a niche in the Indian defense industry as India celebrates ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’, the 75th anniversary of its independence. A role model on the world stage. BrahMos will continue to grow in the years to come and become one of India’s most prestigious and successful defense and aerospace companies.
BrahMos claims it is capable of engaging surface targets by flying at an altitude of just 5 meters, with a maximum altitude of 15,000 meters. It has a diameter of 70 cm, a wingspan of 1.7 m, a speed of Mach 3.5 and a maximum range of 650 km. Ship-based and land-launched missiles can carry a 200 kg warhead, while the air-launched version (Brahmos A) can carry a 300 kg warhead. It features his two-stage propulsion system with solid-rocket boosters for initial acceleration and liquid-fueled ramjets responsible for sustained supersonic flight. An air-breathing ramjet engine is much more economical than a rocket engine, and the BrahMos has a longer range than a pure rocket-powered rocket.
The BrahMos high speed may give it better target penetration characteristics than lighter subsonic cruise missiles like the Tomahawk. BrahMos is twice as heavy as his Tomahawk and almost four times as fast, so the Tomahawk missile has more than 32 times more kinetic energy in flight, only three-fifths of the payload, and a meager range. It suggests that the missile was developed with different tactical roles. Its Mach 2.8 speed means it cannot be intercepted by some existing missile defense systems, and its accuracy makes it lethal to surface targets.
The BrahMos was primarily an anti-ship missile, but the BrahMos Block III can also hit land targets. It can be fired in a vertical or slanted position and can cover targets on the horizon in 360 degrees. The BrahMos missile has identical configurations for land, sea and underwater platforms.
“BrahMos Aerospace is capable of making hypersonic missiles. In five to six years, we will be able to have our first hypersonic missile by BrahMos,” said Atul Rane, CEO and MD, BrahMos Aerospace while speaking at an event over the commencement of ‘Silver Jubilee Year’ celebration (1998-2023) to mark the incredible journey of one of India’s most successful, cutting-edge military partnership programmes that has produced the world’s best, fastest and most powerful modern precision strike weapon BrahMos.